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Nautical operations

SAIA Report Morraborg S-95/11, fatal accident on board

Fatal accident on board m/v Morraborg, port of Holmsund, Sweden, July 3rd 2011, during mooring operations.

Preliminary statement of facts;
- Tug boats were not used for the docking manoeuvre,
- The spring line had been in use for a month and appeared to be in good condition,
- There was a brisk, gusty wind setting outwards from the quay,
- The docking method used resulted in risk that the mooring rope could brake under load,
- The master warned the foredeck team to take protection,
- There was no visual contact between the bridge and the forecastle,
- The chief officer confirmed the master’s ... [more]

Standard safety bulletin on safe anchoring

The Standard Club has issued an eight-page safety bulletin to raise awareness of anchoring procedures and anchoring risks. It outlines best practice and what can go wrong if proper procedures are not followed. The Standard Club's safety specialist wants to see masters include anchoring procedures each time they draw up their passage plans. "If this is not done at the commencement of the voyage the passage plan should be amended when anchoring is known to be a requirement. It is too late to read the pilot book information when the vessel is already yawing 30 degrees". [more]

IMCA Safety Flash 09/12

The IMCA (International Marine Contractors Association) safety flashes disseminate important information on incidents and potential hazards and the lessons learnt from them that can help prevent incidents occurring elsewhere in the industry.

IMCA Safety Flash 09/12;
- Inadvertent lowering of lifeboat
- Near miss: Cement tank hatch failure
- LTI hand cut during cutting operations
- Near miss: Potential fall when TMS protection gate came loose
- MODU mooring line failure [more]

IMCA Safety Flash 01/13

The IMCA (International Marine Contractors Association) safety flashes disseminate important information on incidents and potential hazards and the lessons learnt from them that can help prevent incidents occurring elsewhere in the industry.

IMCA Safety Flash 01/13;
- Near miss: Shackle configuration
- Damage to crane winch
- First aid injury: Contact with spinning spooler arm
- Luff ram clevis failures
- LTI: Crewman broke leg falling into tank [more]

Mooring Practice Safety Guidance for Offshore Vessels when alongside in Ports and Harbours

This publication from the International Marine Contractors Association (IMCA) is designed to ensure safe mooring of offshore vessels. The guidance has easy-to-follow sections on planning the operation: who is in charge?; communication; personal protective equipment; danger zones; conditions of mooring lines; hazards; vessels assisting; quay access and mooring equipment. [more]

EU Regulation 1286/2011, Methodology for investigating marine casualties

This EU regulation adopts a common methodology for investigating marine casualties and incidents to be followed by investigative bodies when carrying out safety investigations. Developed pursuant to Article 5(4) of Directive 2009/18/EC. [more]

EMSA Maritime Accident Review 2010

The Maritime Accident Review 2010 is EMSA’s fourth statistical and analytical report on commercial shipping accidents in and around EU waters.
Europe knew 559 accidents last year, in which 61 lives were lost, a small increase compared to 2009. This year’s report includes maps of accidents reported during the year, plotted against their geographical locations, enabling readers to see accident trouble spots and patterns.
The message from the 2010 review is that while there have been no major disasters for almost a decade, there continue to be many hundreds of accidents every year, with a ... [more]

Directive 2010/65/EU, Reporting formalities for ships

Directive on reporting formalities for ships arriving in and/or departing from ports.

The directive will deeply modify the way to transmit the reporting formailities for the arrival and the departure of every vessel in a Member States port.

The purpose is to simplify and harmonise the administrative procedures applied to maritime transport by making compulsory the electronic transmission of information standard and by rationalising reporting formalities. [more]

The Missing Link - Mooring Winches

Chapter 4, Mooring winches - maximum holding capacity, brake testing, spring applied brakes, power of tension mode, power of manual brake mode.
The Missing Link, Improving the mooring process, is a video by the European Harbour Masters' Committee. It shows the entire mooring process, from the production of a mooring line up to the vessel coming alongside, from the basic rules for a mooring plan to safe working loads and maximum holding capacities.
The aim of this film is to make the mooring process safer and more efficient and to prevent damage to terminal equipment and vessels. This is important ... [more]

The Missing Link - Mooring Plan Basics

Chapter 2, Mooring plan basics - the basic rules for a mooring plan, professional advise in lay out, how to store/send mooring plan information, position indication for vessels (manifold/bridge wing).
The Missing Link, Improving the mooring process, is a video by the European Harbour Masters' Committee. It shows the entire mooring process, from the production of a mooring line up to the vessel coming alongside, from the basic rules for a mooring plan to safe working loads and maximum holding capacities.
The aim of this film is to make the mooring process safer and more efficient and to prevent ... [more]

Alert! Vodcast 'Communication'

Alert! Vodcasts are short (approx 4min) films by the Nautical Institute.
Issue 14, 'Communication' contains:
- The IMO Standard Marine Communication Phrases - a communicative Survival Kit
- Whose culture? The impact of language and culture on safety
- The alphabet of effective communication
- Alarm System Management, Journals, Newsletters
- How to get signage right
- Captain Jarek Augustyniak
- Grounding of a woodchip carrier
Courtesy of Alert! - The International Maritime Human Element Bulletin. [more]

Alert! Vodcast 'Fatigue'

Alert! Vodcasts are short (approx 4min) films by the Nautical Institute.
Issue 13, 'Fatigue' contains:
- Seafarer fatigue: The Cardiff research programme
- Fatigue and an alternative watch system
- Headaches, mood changes, poor memory
- Designing to Deal with Fatigue
- Use of light to improve alertness in marine operations
- Tanker explosion and fire
Courtesy of Alert! - The International Maritime Human Element Bulletin. [more]

Alert! Vodcast 'Operations'

Alert! Vodcasts are short (approx 4min) films by the Nautical Institute.
Issue 9, 'Operations' contains:
- Crew Claims - A Club's perspective
- Communication skills vital to safe ship operations
- Stress at sea
- Operations - keeping ahead of the game
- Building Bridges
- A roller-coaster ride
Courtesy of Alert! - The International Maritime Human Element Bulletin. [more]

Safety and Shipping 1912-2012: From Titanic to Costa Concordia

"An insurer's perspective from Allianz Global Corporate & Specialty"
Maritime safety affects everyone, from blue collar factory workers and school children, to journalists and company chief executives. The global population depends on a safe and efficient shipping trade network for modern day living to continue unchecked. In the 100 years since the loss of the RMS Titanic, the maritime industry has worked steadily to improve safety performance so that the 23 million tonnes of cargo and 55,000 cruise passengers that travel by ship every day do so safely and efficiently in the vast majority of cases. ... [more]

ICS Bridge Procedures Guide

This updated, 4th edition, publication reflects best navigational practice on merchant ships operating today in all sectors and trades. It includes guidance on the requirements of Chapter VIII (Watchkeeping) of the IMO STCW Convention, the latest changes to Radio Regulations and the use of AIS and modern navigation and charting systems.

It also includes bridge and emergency checklists for use by ships’ masters and navigating officers. The new edition is also accompanied by a CD version of the text with a search function. [more]

IMO Guidelines on places of refuge for ships in need of assistance

There are circumstances under which it may be desirable to carry out a cargo transfer operation or other operations to prevent or minimize damage or pollution. For this purpose, it will usually be advantageous to take the ship to a place of refuge.

Taking such a ship to a place of refuge would also have the advantage of limiting the extent of coastline threatened by damage or pollution, but the specific area chosen may be more severely threatened. Consideration must also be given to the possibility of taking the affected ship to a port or terminal where the transfer or repair work could be done ... [more]

IMO Resolution A960

Recommendations on training and certification and operational procedures for maritime pilots other than deep-sea pilots.

Estuary navigation, manoeuvring in confined waters ports or canals, demands great nautical skill. Merchant vessels with ever larger dimensions have to be safely guided through narrow waterways, often in heavy traffic. The pilot acts as the partner of the captain coping with this demanding role, which requires long experience as well as specific knowledge of the vessel and the estuary.

Within a very short period of the time pilots have to acquaint themselves with the characteristics ... [more]

Mooring Equipment Guidelines; MEG3

The shipping industry has always been concerned with safe mooring practices. A fundamental aspect of this concern entails the development of mooring systems which are adequate for the intended service, with maximum integration of standards across the range of ship types and sizes.
Although numerous standards, guidelines and recommendations concerning mooring practices, mooring fittings and mooring equipment exist, where guidance is given or it is often incomplete. For example, the number of hawsers and their breaking strength may be recommended without any advice on mooring winch pulling force ... [more]

International Best Practices for Maritime Pilotage

These recommendations are for the guidance of masters, their supporting personnel and pilots in laying down the minimum standards to be expected of the pilotage service given on board ships in pilotage waters worldwide and aims to clarify the roles of the master and the pilot and the working relationship between them. [more]

Life-Saving Appliances Pocket Checklist

During the period 2005-2007, approximately 2.500 crew and passengers were reported killed or missing from lost ships. Additionally, there are increasing numbers of accidents and fatalities during routine lifeboat and inspection drills. It is therefor essential the ship personnel are appropriately trained in how to inspect, maintain and operate equipment and that the equipment is ready for use at all time. Being prepared can mean the difference between lives lost or lives saved.

In conjunction with the UK P&I Club, Lloyds' Register has analysed data relating to live-saving appliances, including ... [more]

The pocket book of anchoring

This book provides a practical informative guide to modern equipment, seamanship practices and the associated problems.

Traditional anchoring equipment and practices were designed for ships considerably smaller than those of modern tonnage. Although modern ships are considerably larger, the weights and sizes of the ground equipment have not been scaled to match, yet we seem to expect the same performance. [more]

Effective mooring 3d edition

Looking at equipment, operating practices and procedures that lead to effective and safe mooring.

Provides practical guidance on the basic principles of mooring. Throughout the book emphasis is placed on safety, using a detailed understanding of the operational requirements to create a greater awareness of the dangers and hazards. Subjects covered include basic mooring theory, mooring winches, wires and ropes, mooring at buoys and anchoring. Minimum equipment levels and good operating practices are recommended throughout. [more]

A master's Guide to container securing

Today, ships are bigger and a post-Panamax container ship will carry containers on deck stacked up to six, seven or eight tiers high. However, while the ships are able to carry containers stacked higher, the lashing systems are still only capable of lashing to the bottom of the third tier containers or the bottom of the fourth or fifth tier containers when a lashing bridge is fitted. Ship design has developed but container lashing systems have not.

It is essential that masters be aware of what can be done to prevent container loss.
The purpose of this guide is to discuss container securing ... [more]

Safe transport of containers by sea

Industry guidance for shippers and container stuffers concerning the safe transport of containers by sea, published by the International Chamber of Shipping and the World Shipping Council.

This Guidance is extracted from ‘Safe Transport of Containers by Sea, Guidelines on Best Practices’, published by ICS and WSC, with a view to minimising the dangers to containerships and their crews. The Guidelines have been highly regarded and, in 2010, IMO recommended that flag states should make them a carriage requirement.

OVERLOADING OF CONTAINERS
To date, however, the Guidelines have so far ... [more]

ECDIS: navigational and claims issues

This introduction to ECDIS is the first in a series of three short articles which attempts to provide a user friendly guide to the mystery surrounding electronic chart display and information systems (ECDIS). [more]

Stowaways Checklist

Guidance in steps to take in preventing and dealing with stowaways.
It is essential that the ship is searched prior to departure. This handy guide designed for Masters, owners and charterers shows steps to take in preventing and dealing with stowaways on board. [more]

Meren en Ontmeren

Dit blad beschrijft de maatregelen die genomen moeten worden om het meren en ontmeren veilig uit te kunnen voeren en de risico's te beperken.

Dit arboblad is onderdeel van de arbocatalogus voor de zeescheepvaart. Het is bedoeld voor werkgevers om te voldoen aan de verplichtingen uit de arbowet. Medewerkers kunnen het gebruiken als checklist.

In Dutch language. [more]

Moorings; UK P&I Club Risk Focus

With its team of risk assessors, the UK P&I Club is in a unique position to gather data and target areas of risk onboard ship.
The Club has produced a detailed report and accompanying poster that help to highlight the findings of the Risk Focus project. [more]

A Master's Guide to berthing

Ship handling is an art rather than a science. However, a ship handler who knows the science will be better at his art. Knowledge of the science will enable easy identification of a ship’s manoeuvring characteristics and quick evaluation of the skills needed for control. A ship handler needs to understand what is happening to his ship and, more importantly, what will happen a short time into the future. This knowledge is essential in a port environment when a ship encounters close quarter situations, narrow channels and the effects of cross-winds, tides and currents. The tide of course affects ... [more]

managing workplace stress

This guide helps oil industry managers and supervisors understand, recognize, and deal effectively with stress in the workplace. It encourages and enables a holistic approach to the management of workplace stress, with a focus on prevention. The guide is designed to complement current practice, which tends to focus more on developing employee ability to cope with stress and, when this fails, on treatment options.

A guide for oil industry managers and supervisors. [more]

Managing fatigue in the workplace

This guide explains the health and safety risk posed by fatigue, provides the necessary background information on sleep and the body clock, and describes the main causes of fatigue as well as provides strategies for managing the causes.

The guide is intended primarily as a tool to assist oil and gas industry supervisors and occupational health practitioners to understand, recognize and manage fatigue in the workplace.

A guide for oil and gas industry supervisors and occupational health practitioners. [more]

Effective Communication, the International Human Element Bulletin nr. 14

A Nautical Institute project sponsored by Lloyd’s Register. Nr. 14; Effective communication, the key to successful operations.

Content; The IMO Standard Marine Communication Phrases - a communicative Survival Kit, Whose culture? The impact of language and culture on safety, The alphabet of effective communication, Alarm System Management, How to get signage right. [more]

Fatigue, the International Maritime Human Element Bulletin nr. 13

A Nautical Institute project sponsored by Lloyd’s Register. Nr. 13; Time to wake up to the consequences of seafarer fatigue.

Content: The Cardiff research programme, fatigue and an alternative watch system, headaches, mood changes, poor memory, designing to deal with fatigue, use of light to improve alertness in marine operations. [more]

Manila Amendments to the STCW convention, a quick guide for seafarers

New wide-ranging amendments to the STCW rules, agreed by governments in Manila in 2010, are intended to ensure that STCW standards stay relevant, so that seafarers can continue to develop and maintain their professional skills. In particular, numerous changes are now being introduced to take account of technical developments that require new shipboard competences.

The STCW amendments apply from 1 January 2012. In particular, companies and crew will be required to comply with the new minimum STCW rest hour rules for seafarers. [more]

Shipping Industry Guidance on Pilot Transfer Arrangements

Shipping industry guidance aimed at shipping companies and seafarers, reminding them of the vital need to ensure that ladders used for pilot transfers are always rigged correctly and ensuring compliance with SOLAS.

Produced by the International Maritime Pilots’ Association (IMPA), the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS) and the International Shipping Federation (ISF). [more]

Understanding Mooring Incidents, LP News UK P&I Club

Major accidents involving mooring equipment in the last 20 years ave injured many seafarers and have cost the UK Club over US$34 million.

Many of these accidents have ccurred during the handling of ropes/wires, where ropes/wires have parted (53%) or where opes/wires have jumped/slipped off drum ends/bitts (42%) with 5% caused by actual equipment failure.
Parted ropes/wires normally occur during general mooring, tug and ship to ship operations with equipment failure, misuse, wash damage and weather also playing a role. Injuries from non parted ropes/wires normally occur due to crew being caught ... [more]

Project Horizon video

Fatigue is commonly described as a state of physical and/or mental exhaustion that can be caused by a wide range of factors, including long hours, shift work, inadequate rest and international travel. It can result in a progressive decline in alertness and performance, a loss of energy and slowed movements and reactions. Project Horizon is a European research study that brought together 11 academic institutions and shipping industry organisations with the agreed aim of delivering empirical data to provide a better understanding of the way in which watchkeeping patterns can affect the sleepiness ... [more]

Project Horizon - A wake-up call

Fatigue is commonly described as a state of physical and/or mental exhaustion that can be caused by a wide range of factors, including long hours, shift work, inadequate rest and international travel. It can result in a progressive decline in alertness and performance, a loss of energy and slowed movements and reactions.

Project Horizon is a European research study that brought together 11 academic institutions and shipping industry organisations with the agreed aim of delivering empirical data to provide a better understanding of the way in which watchkeeping patterns can affect the sleepiness ... [more]

Best Practice / Safety in Harbour Towage and Pilotage

ETA and EMPA representatives discussed the operational problems that both pilots and tugboat operators increasingly experience when handling the ever-growing ship types in European ports. The shared problems were quickly established; however the remedies cannot be solved as easily.

With that in mind, it was decided to put together a Position Paper in which those problems that give rise to safety issues, not only with regard to pilots and tug crews but also the ships themselves and their crews, could be brought to the attention of a wider audience.

Our first objective is to raise the awareness ... [more]

MAIB accident report Skandi Foula, heavy contact

At 0832 on 29 May 2010 the 3252gt Norwegian registered platform supply vessel (PSV), Skandi Foula made heavy contact with the moored Panamanian registered supply vessel OMS Resolution in Victoria Dock, Aberdeen. [more]

MAIB accident report MV Platon, contact with wharf

At 1004 on 15 May 2011, the UK registered container vessel CMA CGM Platon made heavy contact with a quay on the south bank of the River Thames. The quay sustained superficial damage but the vessel suffered significant damage to her bow, and her forepeak tank was punctured.Fortunately there was no pollution and no one was hurt. [more]

Dutch Safety Board accident report, MV Edisongracht, breaking of mooring lines

Investigation into the accident on-board of the Edisongracht on 1 April 2010 in Angola.
During a mooring manoeuvre of mv Edisongracht between two mooring buoys in the port of Soyo, Angola on 1 April 2010, a mooring line slid off a guide roller and
subsequently broke. The mooring line hit two crew members. One crew member was fatally injured to his head and a second crew member suffered from a broken leg and a head injury. It was the
third time in a month that this crew would moor this vessel between the buoys in the port.
Information regarding the accident and the circumstances of the accident ... [more]

MAIB accident report Norman Arrow, contacts made by high speed craft

On 31 March 2010, the UK registered high speed ferry Norman Arrow was damaged when she struck fixed fendering in Portsmouth International Port while attempting to move between berths. Five months later, on 29 August, Norman Arrow was again damaged when she struck a mooring dolphin as she approached her berth in Le Havre, France. There were no injuries, but after both accidents the vessel had to be taken out of service and repaired in dry dock.

The accidents occurred as a result of an inability to manoeuvre the vessel as intended in the strong winds encountered. [more]

MAIB accident report MV Fremantle Express, fatality during mooring operation

On 15 July 2011, Fremantle Express,a UK-registered container vessel, was berthing in the port of Veracruz when a headline parted under tension.

The broken mooring line recoiled and struck an ordinary seaman (OS) who was standing on the forecastle. The seaman died of his injuries. The vessel was moving astern along her berth at the time of the accident, assisted by two tugs. [more]

MAIB accident report Forth Guardsman, fatal injuries to a crewman during mooring

At 1912 UTC on 13 March 2011, an able seaman (AB) working on board the Briggs Marine Contractors Limited (BMC) landing craft Forth Guardsman, became trapped between a mooring wire and the ship’s rail during a mooring operation. The weight on the wire could not be released quickly enough, and the AB was pulled over the guardrail and into the sea: he was recovered, but died from his injuries.

The investigation found that insufficient manpower had been assigned for the mooring operation, some risks had not been identified properly, seamanship practices on board were poor, the AB had stood in ... [more]

DMAIB accident report Sejerofaergen, collision with pier

At the collision with the ferry berth the ship got impressions at the bow at starboard side. There were 25 passengers on board. 4 passengers received minor injuries when falling. [more]

Directive 2009/18/EC, Accident Investigation Directive

Directive establishing the fundamental principles governing the investigation of accidents in the maritime transport sector.
The purpose of this Directive is to improve maritime safety and the prevention of pollution by ships, and so reduce the risk of future marine casualties, by: (a) facilitating the expeditious holding of safety investigations and proper analysis of marine casualties and incidents in order to determine their causes; and (b) ensuring the timely and accurate reporting of safety investigations and proposals for remedial action. [more]

BSU accident report Waterway hopper dredger, accident while making fast

At about 07.45 on 21 September 2010, an accident involving a person occurred on the aft manoeuvring station while making fast the Cyprus registered hopper dredger WATERWAY in the Port of Emden.
The Chief Officer, who was operating the starboard hydraulic winch and had switched it to hauling, was caught by the line being wound onto the drum while attempting to clear it at the same time with his right foot. He let go of the spring-loaded oeprating lever of the winch, which then clicked back to the neurtral position properly. Due to the winch's techically induced stop delay, it did not stop immediately ... [more]

Bridge Watchkeeping

A practical selfstudy guide used by different companies throughout the industry for training bridge watchkeepers to help in understanding the reasons for checking, monitoring, recording and controlling.

This book examines: preparing for sea; watchkeeping in pilotage waters; watchkeeping in coastal waters; making a landfall; anchoring and anchor watches; watchkeeping in reduced visibility; taking over the watch; calling the master and responding to emergencies. [more]

The Work of the Harbourmaster

The book will give anybody a sound understanding of the work of a Harbourmaster.
The Nautical Institute and the International Harbour Masters’ Association, have worked together to write a third edition of The Work of the Harbour Master. This is an essential book for those already in post as Harbour Master or planning a career move.

It will be valuable as a bridge book for those planning a career change to work as a Harbour Master, whether they have served at sea or not. It is a practical manual, written in mariners’ language by mariners and other experts in their field. Together with all ... [more]

The Mariners Guide to Marine Communications

Aimed at watchkeeping officers and those aspiring to their GMDSS certificates, this practical and concise guide takes the reader through a typical voyage and all the communication routines which will be required, both for safety and commercial reasons. Crew calls are covered and examples of costings are given. Regulations, satellite and land-based radio systems, distress, emergency and safety communications inspections and maintenance are covered. [more]

Tug use in port

The Nautical Institutes standard work on harbour towage. Tug operators in many countries were contacted to ensure wide ranging text.
It covers: design factors, tug types, towing methods and the capabilities and limitations of each tug type before looking at bollard pull requirements, interaction and safety. [more]

MAIB accident report Karen, grounding at entrance of port

At 1755 on 3 January 2011, the stern prawn trawler Karen grounded at the entrance to Ardglass Harbour. Resulting damage to the vessel’s forefoot caused her to take water forward. However, the collision bulkhead held and the skipper left the engine running ahead to reduce the risk of the vessel foundering. The crew donned their lifejackets and successfully launched the liferaft, but before they were forced to evacuate the vessel they were rescued by the Portaferry inshore lifeboat (ILB). One crewman suffered minor bruising to his ribs. Karen was refloated and manoeuvred alongside later that evening. ... [more]

MAIB accident report MV Antonis, drifting by wind

Antonis, a Greek registered bulk carrier, was being manoeuvred stern-first from the port of Liverpool’s Langton Dock to Alexandra Dock with a pilot on board. As she entered the passageway between the docks, her stern started to drift towards the eastern wall under the influence of a north-westerly wind. The pilot was unable to counter the drift, and the vessel’s hull, in way of a opside fuel oil tank, made contact with the sharp edge of a counterweight fitted on the open swing bridge. This caused a 1.5 metre gash in the vessel’s side that resulted in about 330 tonnes of fuel oil spilling ... [more]

Port State Inspections Pocket Checklist

The Port State Inspections Pocket Checklist identifies the top 50 most common causes of ship detention and is widely acknowledged as a useful tool in helping owners and operators to comply with convention requirements and thereby reduce the risk of their ships being detained.

In conjunction with the UK P&I Club, Lloyd's Register has compiled this checklist by analysing data which included deficiencies found by Port State Control officers on ships classed by Lloyd’s Register. All deficiencies listed have led to a ship being detained.

To help reduce the risk of your ship being detained, as ... [more]

The Human Element, a guide to human behaviour in the shipping industry

The global shipping industry is a dangerous place. Every day, it loses two ships, pays out US$4 million in claims and radically changes the lives of hundreds of people for ever. Human behaviour is the source of virtually all such loss. It is also the reason why the loss is not greater.

This book is dedicated to the professionalism of seafarers everywhere, and to the growing number of seafaring organisations who want to know how to guide human behaviour in a safer and more profitable direction. The guide explains the fundamental aspects of human behaviour and offers insight, explanation and ... [more]
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